Rather you wish to learn how to design interior for residential or commercial interior, understanding of the basic visual fundamentals, design principals and the process of interior design are important. Once you have some understand of these 3 important concepts of interior design, you will be more confident and more knowledgeable in how to design interior.
The following will provide you the basic introduction of these 3 interior design concepts.
How to Design Interior: Basic Visual Fundamentals of Interior Design
The basic visual fundamentals of interior design is to understand the primary visual elements of interior design. First and most important to understand in how to design interior is that you are working with space and the various visual elements within this space. These basic visual elements may include the following: form, light, shape, color and texture. Therefore, when designing interior, it is how you design and manipulate these visual elements inorder to create meaning into the space. As a result, these visual elements interact and form a visual image resulting an aesthetically pleasing interior that also serves its intended functions, objectives and goals.
Space consist of visual elements and objects within this space also consist of visual elements. These visual elements relates and interact with each other to create a pleasing visual image and as a result give meaning to the space.
When designing an interior space, a Designer must view an object like a chair more then just a chair, a wall more then just a plain wall. For Designer, the process of perception must go beyond utilitarian and purely recognition. Utilitarian and object recognition are only the basic understanding of form. A Designer’s perception should be able to see the chair is not just a chair but it also contains a specific shape, color, texture, material, light and shadow etc. A wall is not merely a wall but is a surface or a spatial delineator with texture, color, form, light etc. When learning how to design interior, a Designer must see and be aware of the visual character of objects and how they are related and interacted as a whole to create the visual aesthetic of an interior space.
Therefore, when designing an object such as a wall, see the wall as an object with specific visual characteristics that serves a purpose of dividing a space. Now with this new understanding of the wall, the wall becomes an object with a specific character. Designing the wall now may not be solid with just paint but it may be a thin piece of glass decorated with tinted graphical etchings on it.
It is the way how Designers arrange and manipulate these visual elements within an interior space inorder to meet the functional requirements of the space and at the same time creating meaning and visual impact for the space.
How to Design Interior: Interior Design Process
Ultimately, as an Interior Designer, you are solving a problem within an interior space. This problem solving is to satisfy certain function and aesthetic needs and wishes. It is up to the Designer to judge the appropriateness of a design, the choice of design elements and their roles in an interior space and most importantly, its meaning to the users of the space.
Therefore, inorder to execute the design work and successfully solving the problems, a set of methods or strategies can be utilized to assist the Designer to carry out the various tasks. This strategy is called the Interior Design Process. When learning how to design interior, beginning interior design students must learn and understand the use of the interior design process.
How to Design Interior Summary
- learn the basics of the visual fundamentals of design, the principal of design and the design process
- see objects not just based its recognizable form but also its visual characteristics
- an interior space consist of various visual elements that relate and interact with each other to form an aesthetic quality to a given space